Based on scientific literature and practical experience, we have developed our 360° model of environmental sustainability. Whenever thinking about sustainability, you must consider your impacts and dependencies on all these topics to ascertain whether your product or process is indeed sustainable.

We have successfully applied this model in projects for businesses, farmers, financial institutions and academia. Interested to learn how you could apply this model? Or click on the impact themes to learn more about them.

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Land use and land use change is an important impact category. Land use largely determines the possibilities for biodiversity, and land use change can drastically improve or decrease the provision of ecosystem services. A diversity in land use can also provide a diversity of functions and services.
A lot of business processes and human actions can negatively impact air quality, which in turn can lead to a decrease in human well-being and a decrease in biodiversity. At the same nature contribute to clean air.
Water use needs to be looked at in the context of a landscape. A small extraction one area can mean a large impact in another region. Safeguarding water availability is of utmost importance in more and more regions.
Biodiversity is both the fabric of life, the engine behind all ecosystem services and of intrinsic value. It connects all other sustainability themes.
When it comes to water quality, businesses must make sure that whenever they use water, they bring it back into the natural system in a good quality.
Climate change is increasingly on the radar of companies, with most companies pledging to align to the Paris goals. Climate is however also intrinsically linked to biodiversity, a link which may be overlooked when too much focus is put on climate alone.
There is a whole universe of life beneath the ground, which is essential to agriculture and nature. Although it is getting more attention, soils are still degrading fast across the globe.

Impacts and dependencies

We use this model to both establish impacts and dependencies and the resulting risks that they may produce.